Approved labor certification applications are required for EB-3 Visas. This is because one goal of immigration laws is to ensure that employment-based immigration does not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of citizens and resident aliens already in the United States. However, there is an option to apply for an exemption from thus if you are a Schedule A Worker. If this is not available, the employer must demonstrate that that U.S. workers are not available, and the particular alien worker meets the job requirements. The certification process is to ensure that the hiring of such alien workers would not undercut the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers similarly employed.
A “professional” is defined as a qualified alien who holds at least a U.S. baccalaureate degree or a foreign equivalent degree and who is a member of the professions. The job requires the minimum of a baccalaureate degree. The degree requirement must bean industry standard in parallel positions among similar firms and institutions. In addition, it must be shown the employer normally imposes this requirement.
Skilled Workers are those that don’t have a U.S. baccalaureate degree or foreign equivalent. They are individuals who are capable of performing skilled labor (requiring at least two years training or experience), and not of a temporary or seasonal nature. Relevant post-secondary education may be considered as training.
Other Workers are unskilled individuals who are capable of performing unskilled labor (requiring less than two years training or experience), and not of a temporary or seasonal nature.
This classification does not need to file a labor certification with the DOL. They have been pre-certified by the DOL. These two occupations are occupations for which there are not a sufficient number of U.S. workers who are able, willing, qualified, and available to fill the number of available jobs that exist in the United States, and the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers similarly employed will not be affected by the employment of these foreign workers. This classification still requires job posting, prevailing wage determination and a section 343 certificate.
The 343 document certifies that a foreign-born health care worker’s education, experience, training, and English language ability are equivalent to that of a U.S. worker. The 343 certificate also verifies that the applicant’s foreign license is current and valid. The English language proficiency requirement has been waived for graduates of programs in countries in which the primary language of instruction is English
There are two threshold requirements. First, a foreign nurse needs to have a degree or diploma from a nursing school in a foreign country or from a nursing school in the United States. Second, a foreign nurse also must have a nursing license in a foreign country or in a U.S. state. They must have an employer sponsor as well as job offer and also have one of the following three items: