If you are seeking protection from persecution while already physically present within the U.S., you can seek asylum. In order to be granted asylum you must meet the definition of “refugee” and satisfy other eligibility requirements. There are two main procedures for claiming asylum in the United States: (1) affirmatively, by filing an application for asylum with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), which is part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), or (2) defensively in removal proceedings. The law is the same for both processes. If your affirmative asylum application is denied, you will be put into removal proceedings and have the opportunity to present your asylum claim again to an immigration judge.